Heat Cramps (the mildest condition) can lead to Heat Exhaustion which can lead to Heat Stroke (which if severe can be a life threatening condition!).

Who is at risk:

  • The very young less than 4 years old.
  • Older adults more than 65 years old with chronic illnesses and/or on medications.
  • Any person on certain medications or taking illicit drugs or drinking excess alcohol.
  • Obese individuals.
  • Those exposed to a sudden temperature change, “heat waves” or travel to a hot climate.


  • High temperatures.
  • High humidity.
  • Strenuous activity.
  • Dehydration.
  • Alcohol consumption.
  • Overdressing.

Signs and symptoms:

  • Body temperature of 104 degrees F or higher–seek immediate medical attention! This is Heat Stroke!
  • “Goose bumps” and cool moist skin even in the heat.
  • Heavy sweating.
  • Faintness, dizziness, nausea, headache and muscle cramps.
  • Rapid pulse and low blood pressure.


  • Stop all activity and rest in a cool place.
  • Drink cool fluids.
  • Apply cool water or mist to skin.
  • Loosen or remove extra clothing.
  • If you do not feel better within 60 minutes or your temperature reaches 104 degrees F, Seek Immediate Medical Attention!


  • Wear loose, light weight, light colored clothing.
  • Avoid getting sunburned with a hat and sunscreen.
  • Seek cooler places and avoid strenuous activity or exercise in hot humid environments.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Avoid hot spots, hot parked car or un-shaded areas. If new to a hot area try to acclimate before going out in the heat for long periods of time.

So make sure you plan ahead when leaving the house on a hot day and recognize when you might be starting to overheat and take action!